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Democracy
Democracy is an egalitarian form of government in which all the citizens of a nation together determine public policy, the laws and the actions of their state, requiring that all citizens (meeting certain qualifications) have an equal opportunity to express their opinion. In practice, "democracy" is the extent to which a given system approximates this ideal, and a given political system is referred to as "a democracy" if it allows a certain approximation to ideal democracy.
DemocracyDemocracyGreek inventionsElectionsGreek loanwords

Social Democratic Party of Switzerland
The Social Democratic Party of Switzerland (also rendered as Swiss Socialist Party; German: Sozialdemokratische Partei der Schweiz, SP; French: Parti socialiste suisse, PS; Italian: Partito Socialista Svizzero; Romansh: Partida Socialdemocrata de la Svizra) is the largest centre-left political party in Switzerland. The party was founded on 21 October 1888, and is currently the second largest of the four leading coalition political parties in Switzerland.
Social Democratic Party of SwitzerlandSocial democratic partiesParties related to the Party of European SocialistsPolitical parties established in 1888Social Democratic Party of SwitzerlandSocialist InternationalMembers of the Labour and Socialist International

New Democratic Party
The New Democratic Party (French: Nouveau Parti démocratique), commonly referred to as the NDP, is a federal social-democratic political party in Canada. The current leader of the NDP is Thomas Mulcair, who was elected in the 2012 leadership election. The provincial wings of the NDP in Manitoba and Nova Scotia currently form the governments in those provinces.
New Democratic PartyOrganizations based in OttawaPolitical parties established in 1961New Democratic PartySocial democratic parties in CanadaSocialist International

Social Democratic Party of Germany
The Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) is a social-democratic political party in Germany. The party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in Germany, along with the conservative CDU/CSU, and is led by Sigmar Gabriel. The SPD last governed at the federal level in a grand coalition with the Christian Democratic Union and the Christian Social Union from 2005 until 27 October 2009.
Social Democratic Party of GermanySocial Democratic Party of GermanySocial democratic partiesSocialist and social democratic parties in GermanySecond InternationalPolitical parties established in 1863Political parties of the German EmpireSocialist InternationalPolitical parties in GermanyPolitical parties in Weimar GermanyParty of European Socialists member partiesMembers of the Labour and Socialist International

British Columbia New Democratic Party
The New Democratic Party of British Columbia (BC NDP) is a social-democratic political party in British Columbia, Canada. The party currently forms the official opposition to the governing British Columbia Liberal Party following the 2009 provincial election in British Columbia. The BC NDP is the provincial arm of the New Democratic Party of Canada.
British Columbia New Democratic PartyNew Democratic Party of CanadaPolitical parties established in 1933Social democratic parties in CanadaProvincial political parties in British ColumbiaBurnaby

Free Democratic Party of Switzerland
The Free Democratic Party was a classical liberal political party in Switzerland. It was one of the major parties in Switzerland until its merger with the smaller classical liberal Liberal Party, to form FDP. The Liberals on 1 January 2009. The FDP was formed in 1894 from the Radicals, who had dominated Swiss politics since the 1830s, standing in in opposition to the Catholic conservatives, and who from the creation of the federal state in 1848 until 1891 formed the federal government.
Free Democratic Party of SwitzerlandLibertarianism in SwitzerlandClassical liberal partiesFree Democratic Party of SwitzerlandPolitical parties established in 1894ELDR member partiesPolitical parties disestablished in 2009Libertarian parties1894 establishments in SwitzerlandRadical parties

Saskatchewan New Democratic Party
The Saskatchewan New Democratic Party (NDP) is a social-democratic political party in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. It forms the official opposition, but has been a dominant force in Saskatchewan politics since the 1940s. The party is the successor to the Saskatchewan Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, and affiliated to the federal New Democratic Party.
Saskatchewan New Democratic PartySocial democratic parties in CanadaProvincial political parties in SaskatchewanNew Democratic Party of CanadaPolitical parties established in 1932

Democratic-Republican Party
The Democratic-Republican Party, not to be confused with the modern Republican Party (founded in 1854), was an American political party founded around 1791 by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. The party formed, first as a caucus in the House of Representatives and then in every state to contest elections and oppose the programs of Secretary for the Treasury Alexander Hamilton.
Democratic-Republican PartyPolitical parties established in 1792Defunct political parties in the United States1792 establishments in the United StatesRepublicanism in the United StatesPolitical parties disestablished in 1824Democratic-Republican Party politicians

Christian Democratic Union (Germany)
The Christian Democratic Union of Germany is a Christian democratic and conservative political party in Germany. It is major party of the centre-right in German politics. Along with its Bavarian sister party the Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU), the CDU forms the CDU/CSU grouping, also known as the Union, in the Bundestag. The leader of the party, Angela Merkel, is the current Chancellor of Germany.
Christian Democratic Union (Germany)Political parties established in 1945Christian Democratic Union (Germany)International Democrat Union member partiesChristian democratic partiesPolitical parties in Germany

New Democratic Party of Manitoba
The New Democratic Party of Manitoba (NDP) is a social-democratic political party in Manitoba, Canada. It is the provincial wing of the federal New Democratic Party, and is a successor to the Manitoba Co-operative Commonwealth Federation. It is currently the governing party in Manitoba.
New Democratic Party of ManitobaSocial democratic parties in CanadaNew Democratic Party of CanadaOrganizations based in WinnipegProvincial political parties in Manitoba

Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party

Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party

February Revolution
The February Revolution of 1917 was the first of two revolutions in Russia in 1917. Centered on the then capital Petrograd in March (late February in the Julian calendar). Its immediate result was the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II, the end of the Romanov dynasty, and the end of the Russian Empire. The Tsar was replaced by a Russian Provisional Government under Prince Georgy Lvov. The Provisional Government was an alliance between liberals and socialists who wanted political reform.
February RevolutionRussian RevolutionHistory of RussiaRussian Provisional GovernmentNicholas II of Russia1917 in Russia

Christian democracy
Christian democracy is a political ideology that seeks to apply Christian principles to public policy. It emerged in nineteenth-century Europe under the influence of conservatism and Catholic social teaching. It continues to be influential in Europe and Latin America, though in a number of countries its Christian ethos has been diluted by secularisation.
Christian democracyDemocracyPolitical ideologiesChristian democracy

Liberal democracy
Liberal democracy, also known as constitutional democracy, is a common form of representative democracy. According to the principles of liberal democracy, elections should be free and fair, and the political process should be competitive. Political pluralism is usually defined as the presence of multiple and distinct political parties.
Liberal democracyPolitical systemsForms of governmentLiberalismLiberal democraciesDemocracyElections

Armenian Revolutionary Federation
The Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF) (Western Armenian: Հայ Յեղափոխական Դաշնակցութիւն, ՀՅԴ Hay Heghapokhagan Tashnagtsutiun, HYD; Eastern Armenian: Հայ Յեղափոխական Դաշնակցություն Hay Heghapokhakan Dashnaktsutyun HYD), also known as Tashnagtsoutioun (Դաշնակցութիւն) or Dashnaktsutyun (Դաշնակցություն) is an Armenian left-wing nationalist party founded in Tiflis, Russian Empire in 1890 by Christapor Mikaelian, Stepan Zorian, and Simon Zavarian.
Armenian Revolutionary FederationPolitical parties in the Ottoman EmpirePolitical parties in ArmeniaSecond InternationalPolitical parties in Nagorno-KarabakhPolitical parties in the Russian EmpireArmenian political parties in LebanonPolitical parties of minoritiesSocialist partiesPolitical parties established in 1890Socialist InternationalNationalist partiesPolitical parties of the Russian RevolutionMembers of the Labour and Socialist International

Nova Scotia New Democratic Party
The Nova Scotia New Democratic Party is a social-democratic provincial party in Nova Scotia, Canada. It is aligned with the federal New Democratic Party (NDP). Originally founded as the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) in 1932, it became the New Democratic Party in 1961. It became the governing party of Nova Scotia following the 2009 Nova Scotia Election. They made history by becoming the first New Democratic Party in Atlantic Canada to form a government.
Nova Scotia New Democratic PartySocial democratic parties in CanadaNew Democratic Party of CanadaPolitical parties established in 1932Provincial political parties in Nova Scotia

Liberal Democratic Party (Japan)
The Liberal Democratic Party of Japan, frequently abbreviated to LDP or Jimintō, is a centre-right political party in Japan. It is one of the most consistently successful political parties in the democratic world. The LDP ruled almost continuously for nearly 54 years from its founding in 1955 until its defeat in the 2009 election. Prior to 2009, the party had only been out of power for a brief 11 month period between 1993 and 1994.
Liberal Democratic Party (Japan)Liberal Democratic Party (Japan)Political parties in JapanPolitical parties established in 1955Liberal-conservative parties1955 establishments in JapanPolitics of Japan

Australian Democrats
The Australian Democrats is an Australian political party espousing a socially liberal ideology. It was formed in 1977, by a merger of the Australia Party and the New LM, after principals of those minor parties secured the commitment of former Liberal minister Don Chipp, as a high profile leader.
Australian DemocratsLiberal partiesPolitical parties in AustraliaOrganisations based in Adelaide1977 establishments in AustraliaPolitical parties established in 1977

Russian Social Democratic Labour Party
This article deals with the political organization established in 1883 and its history until the final split in 1912. 50x40px This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Russian Social Democratic Labour Party1898 establishments in RussiaBundismSocial democratic parties in RussiaPolitical parties established in 1898Labour partiesSecond InternationalPolitical parties in the Russian EmpireBolsheviksCommunist Party of the Soviet UnionSocialist partiesMensheviks

Social Democratic Party of Austria
The Social Democratic Party of Austria (German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is one of the oldest political parties in Austria. The SPÖ is one of the two major parties in Austria, and has ties to trade unions and the Austrian Chamber of Labour. The SPÖ is among the few mainstream European social-democratic parties that have preserved their socialist roots and reject neoliberalism.
Social Democratic Party of AustriaSocial democratic partiesSocial Democratic Party of AustriaPolitical parties established in 1888Political parties in AustriaSecond InternationalPolitical parties in Austria-HungarySocialist InternationalParty of European Socialists member partiesMembers of the Labour and Socialist International

New Brunswick New Democratic Party
The New Brunswick New Democratic Party (French: Nouveau Parti démocratique du Nouveau-Brunswick) is a social-democratic provincial political party in New Brunswick, Canada linked with the federal New Democratic Party (NDP).
New Brunswick New Democratic PartySocial democratic parties in CanadaNew Democratic Party of CanadaPolitical parties established in 1933Provincial political parties in New Brunswick

Democratic Party of Japan
The Democratic Party of Japan is a political party in Japan founded in 1998 by the merger of several opposition parties. After the 2009 election the DPJ became the ruling party in the House of Representatives, defeating the long-dominant Liberal Democratic Party and gaining the largest number of seats in both the House of Representatives and the House of Councillors.
Democratic Party of JapanLiberal partiesSocial democratic partiesPolitical parties established in 19981998 establishments in JapanPolitical parties in Japan

Social Democratic Party (Romania)
The Social Democratic Party (Romanian: Partidul Social Democrat, PSD) is the major social-democratic political party in Romania. It was formed in 1992, after the post-communist National Salvation Front (Romania) broke apart. It adopted its present name after a merger with a minor social-democratic party in 2001. Since its formation, it has always been one of the two dominant parties of the country. The Social Democratic Party governed Romania from 1992 to 1996, and from 2000 to 2004.
Social Democratic Party (Romania)Political parties in Romania1992 establishments in RomaniaSocial democratic partiesPolitical parties established in 1992Socialist InternationalParty of European Socialists member parties

European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party
The European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party is a European political party mainly active in the European Union, composed of 51 national-level liberal and liberal-democratic parties from across Europe. Having developed from a loose confederation of national political parties in the 1970s, the ELDR is now a recognised European political party incorporated as a non-profit association under Belgian law.
European Liberal Democrat and Reform PartyEuropean Liberal Democrat and Reform PartyAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe

History of the United States Democratic Party
The history of the Democratic Party of the United States is an account of the oldest political party in the United States and arguably the oldest democratic party in the world. It dominated American politics during the Second Party System, from 1832 to the mid-1850s, with such leaders as presidents Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Buren, James K.
History of the United States Democratic PartyHistory by political partyPolitical history of the United StatesSecond Party SystemDemocratic Party (United States)

Free Soil Party
The Free Soil Party was a short-lived political party in the United States active in the 1848 and 1852 presidential elections, and in some state elections. It was a third party and a single-issue party that largely appealed to and drew its greatest strength from New York State. The party leadership consisted of former anti-slavery members of the Whig Party and the Democratic Party.
Free Soil PartyDefunct political parties in the United StatesPolitical parties established in 1848Slavery in the United States

Fidesz
"Hungarian Civic Party" redirects here. For the political party in Romania, see Hungarian Civic Party (Romania). Fidesz - Hungarian Civic Union 150pxPresident Viktor OrbánFounded 30 March 1988Headquarters 1088 Budapest, VIII. Szentkirályi Street 18.
FideszPolitical parties in Hungary1988 establishments in HungaryInternational Democrat Union member partiesConservative parties in HungaryPolitical parties established in 1988

California Democratic Party
The California Democratic Party is the state branch of the United States Democratic Party in the state of California, headquartered in Sacramento. It is chaired by veteran Democratic politician and former United States Representative John L. Burton, who succeeded Art Torres in April 2009. It is the majority party in both chambers of the California State Legislature, i.e. the State Assembly and the Senate.
California Democratic PartyPolitical parties in CaliforniaPolitics of CaliforniaDemocratic Party (United States) by stateCalifornia Democratic Party

United Kingdom coalition government (2010–present)

United Kingdom coalition government (2010–present)

Democratic Left Alliance
Democratic Left Alliance (Polish: Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej, SLD) is a social-democratic political party in Poland. Formed in 1991 as a coalition of centre-left parties, it was formally established as a single party on 15 April 1999. It is currently the third largest opposition party in Poland.
Democratic Left AllianceSocial democratic partiesPolitical parties established in 1999Political parties in PolandSocialist InternationalParty of European Socialists member parties

Lakas ng Tao – Christian Muslim Democrats

Lakas ng Tao – Christian Muslim Democrats

Alberta New Democratic Party
The Alberta New Democratic Party or Alberta NDP is a social-democratic political party in Alberta, Canada, which was originally founded as the Alberta section of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation. From the mid-1980s to 2004, the party abbreviated its name as the "New Democrats" (ND).
Alberta New Democratic PartyProvincial political parties in AlbertaNew Democratic Party of CanadaSocial democratic parties in CanadaOrganizations based in EdmontonPolitical parties established in 1932

Open Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten
 Open Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten (Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats), commonly known as Open Vld and also simply as the VLD, is a Flemish liberal political party in Belgium, created in 1992 from the former Party for Freedom and Progress (PVV) and a few other politicians from other parties. The party led the government for three cabinets under Guy Verhofstadt from 1999 until March 2008.
Open Vlaamse Liberalen en DemocratenLiberal partiesOpen Flemish Liberals and Democrats politiciansBelgian political parties-FlandersELDR member partiesPolitical parties established in 1992

Civic Democratic Party (Czech Republic)
The Civic Democratic Party (Czech: Občanská demokratická strana), abbreviated to ODS, is the largest conservative political party in the Czech Republic. It holds 53 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, making it the second-largest party. Civic Democratic Party has been in government since 2006: with TOP 09 and Public Affairs, with leader Petr Nečas as Prime Minister, since June 2010. The ODS is liberal conservative, and is notably Eurosceptic.
Civic Democratic Party (Czech Republic)European Conservatives and Reformists member partiesEurosceptic partiesPolitical parties in CzechoslovakiaInternational Democrat Union member partiesCivic Democratic Party (Czech Republic)Political parties established in 1991Liberal-conservative partiesAlliance of European Conservatives and Reformists member partiesConservative parties in the Czech Republic

Kurdistan Democratic Party
For other uses of KDP see KDP (disambiguation); for other uses of Kurdistan Democratic Party see Kurdistan Democratic Party (disambiguation) 50x40px This article uses bare URLs for citations. Please consider adding full citations so that the article remains verifiable. Several templates and the Reflinks tool are available to assist in formatting.
Kurdistan Democratic PartyPolitical parties in IraqPolitical parties established in 1946Secession in IraqKurdish organisationsPolitical parties in Iraqi Kurdistan

Republican Revolution
The term can also refer to the 1911 Xinhai Revolution that led to the establishment of the Republic of China. 40x40px This article may contain original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding references. Statements consisting only of original research may be removed. More details may be available on the talk page. 50x40px This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Republican RevolutionRepublican Party (United States)Politics of the Southern United StatesNewt GingrichPolitical history of the United States1994 in American politics

Scottish Liberal Democrats
The Scottish Liberal Democrats (Scottish Gaelic: Libearal Deamocratach na h-Alba) are one of the three state parties within the federal Liberal Democrats; the others being the Welsh Liberal Democrats and the Liberal Democrats in England. The Scottish Liberal Democrats hold 5 of 129 seats in the Scottish Parliament, 11 of 59 Scottish seats in the UK Parliament, and one of six Scottish seats in the European Parliament.
Scottish Liberal DemocratsOrganisations based in EdinburghScottish Liberal DemocratsLiberal parties in the United Kingdom1988 establishments in ScotlandPolitical parties established in 1988

Social Democratic Party of Croatia
The Social Democratic Party of Croatia (Croatian: Socijaldemokratska partija Hrvatske), commonly referred to in Croatia as simply the Social Democratic Party (Socijaldemokratska partija or SDP for short), is a social democratic political party and the largest centre-left political party in Croatia. It is one of the two major contemporary political parties in Croatia, along with the centre-right Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ). It is the senior partner in the Kukuriku coalition.
Social Democratic Party of CroatiaSocial democratic partiesPolitical parties established in 1990Parties related to the Party of European SocialistsPolitical parties in CroatiaSocialist International

National Democracy
This article is about a Polish political movement. For Italian party, see National Democracy (Italy). For a Jamaican party, see National Democratic Movement. For the Swedish party, see National Democrats (Sweden).
National DemocracyNational DemocracyPolitical parties in PolandPolitical parties in the Russian EmpireHistory of Poland (1918–1939)History of Poland (1795–1918)History of Poland (1939–1945)

Copperheads (politics)
The Copperheads were a vocal group of Democrats located in the Northern United States of the Union who opposed the American Civil War, wanting an immediate peace settlement with the Confederates. Republicans started calling antiwar Democrats "Copperheads", likening them to the venomous snake. The Peace Democrats accepted the label, but for them the copper "head" was the likeness of Liberty, which they cut from copper pennies and proudly wore as badges.
Copperheads (politics)Anti-warAmerican Civil War political groupsOhio in the American Civil WarDemocratic Party (United States)

United States House of Representatives elections, 2006
The 2006 United States House of Representatives elections were held on November 7, 2006 to elect members to the United States House of Representatives. All of the 435 seats in the House were up for election. Those elected served in the 110th United States Congress from January 3, 2007 until January 3, 2009.
United States House of Representatives elections, 2006United States House of Representatives elections, 2006

Czech Social Democratic Party
The Czech Social Democratic Party (Czech: Česká strana sociálně demokratická or ČSSD) is a social-democratic political party in the Czech Republic.
Czech Social Democratic PartySocial democratic partiesPolitical parties established in 1878Political parties in CzechoslovakiaSecond InternationalPolitical parties in Austria-HungaryCzech Social Democratic PartySocialist InternationalParty of European Socialists member partiesMembers of the Labour and Socialist International

Parti Socialiste (Belgium)
The Socialist Party (French: Parti Socialiste, PS) is a Francophone social-democratic political party in Belgium. As of the 2010 elections, it is the second largest party in the Belgian Chamber of Representatives and the largest Francophone party. The party is led by Elio Di Rupo, Prime Minister of Belgium as of 6 December 2011.
Parti Socialiste (Belgium)Social democratic partiesPolitical parties established in 1978Regionalism (politics)Belgian political parties-Francophone1978 establishments in BelgiumSocialist InternationalParty of European Socialists member parties

Constitutional Democratic Party
The Constitutional Democratic Party (Constitutional Democrats, formally Party of Popular Freedom, informally Kadets) was a liberal political party in the Russian Empire. Party members were called Kadets, from the abbreviation K-D of the party name (Конституционная Демократическая партия in Russian). This name should not be confused with the term cadets, which referred to students at military schools in the Imperial Russia.
Constitutional Democratic PartyPolitical parties established in 1905Political parties in the Russian EmpirePolitical parties disestablished in 1917Political parties of the Russian RevolutionDefunct liberal political parties

Democratic Liberal Party (Romania)
The Democratic Liberal Party (Romanian: Partidul Democrat-Liberal, PD-L or PDL) is a liberal conservative and Christian democratic political party in Romania. It was formed on 15 December 2007, when the Democratic Party (PD) was merged with the Liberal Democratic Party. The PD-L is associated with Traian Băsescu, who was previously leader of the PD and now serves as President of Romania.
Democratic Liberal Party (Romania)Political parties in RomaniaConservative parties in RomaniaPolitical parties established in 2008Eastern Orthodox political partiesLiberal-conservative partiesChristian democratic parties

Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
The Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (abbreviation S&D) is the political group in the European Parliament of the Party of European Socialists and allied social-democratic parties. The group dates its ancestry via various names back to the beginning of the European Parliament in 1953. Until the 1999 European election it was the largest group in Parliament.
Progressive Alliance of Socialists and DemocratsCurrent European Parliament party groupsProgressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats

Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany
The Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany (Unabhängige Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, or USPD) was a short-lived political party in Germany during the Second Reich and the Weimar Republic. The organization was established in 1917 as the result of a split of left wing members of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD). The organization attempted to chart a middle course between electorally oriented revisionism on the one hand and bolshevism on the other.
Independent Social Democratic Party of GermanySocialist and social democratic parties in Germany1917 establishments in GermanyDefunct political parties in GermanyPolitical parties established in 1917Political parties of the German EmpirePolitical parties in Weimar GermanyPolitical parties disestablished in 1931

Christian Democratic Union of Germany

Christian Democratic Union of Germany

Christian Democratic Party (Chile)
The Christian Democratic Party (Partido Demócrata Cristiano) is a political party in Chile and governs as part of the Coalition of Parties for Democracy coalition. In the 2009 election it won 19 congress seats and 9 senate seats. It is led by Ignacio Walker. The former president of Chile, Michelle Bachelet is from another party in the coalition, the Socialist Party.
Christian Democratic Party (Chile)Political parties in ChilePolitical parties established in 1957Christian democratic parties

Social Democrat Hunchakian Party
The Social Democrat Hunchakian Party (SDHP) (Armenian: Սոցիալ Դեմոկրատ Հնչակյան Կուսակցություն; ՍԴՀԿ), is the oldest Armenian political party and was the first Socialist party in the Ottoman Empire and in Persia.
Social Democrat Hunchakian PartyPolitical parties in the Ottoman EmpireMarch 14 alliancePolitical parties in ArmeniaArmenian political parties in LebanonPolitical parties established in 1887